Climate change India’s initiatives

Recently a lot of concerns have been witnessed all across the world about climate change. Why not? Nature is witnessing changes so are we?
Last December representatives from 190 countries assembled, debated, persuaded and even blamed each other for the global threat in the form of climate change. Meetings in Copenhagen may or may not yield results in the short term but we all are quite aware of what is happening around us. In hotter countries a sharp rise in temp is witnessed where as in colder countries are also witnessing the effects of climate change.
We may or may not know if the rest of the world is engaged toward finding and implementing steps toward keeping the world clean and green, but we hear news about how India is taking initiatives to make its surroundings clean and green. As the country is heading toward a low-carbon growth plan so are the people who have been replacing the incandescent light bulbs with the environment friendly CFLs. Stepping ahead toward a pollution-free, clean world is perhaps the dream of every human but we should not forget that it’s a community work.
In India about 11 states are working on their climate change plans while Orissa is head starting the plan, it is quite clear that to reduce the emission intensity we definitely need time and effort but it’s possible to reduce carbon emissions by 20 to 30 % if we start implementing the climate change plans from today onward. The Govt has charted out norms and plans for sectors like steel, power, cement, fertilizer and other heavy industries where the carbon emissions are high. Though the bigger players of these sectors are already aware of the proper emission norms for and constantly upgrading better plans to cut carbon emission. Bigger companies are already working on the standards and benchmarks in this direction while the concern is only for the small scale industries which are not organized. Though we know that SMES contribute largely toward employment, growth and output they need to adhere to the norms for the better future of the country. We are aggressively planning to adopt alternative source of energy. In wind energy production India has done considerable progress while the govt  has recently announced its solar mission to generate 20,000 mw of solar energy by 2022.
Solar energy has a promising future and the photo voltaic industry realizes its potentials. Moser Baer India Ltd has already set up a 2 mg plant in chandrapur, while it has a plan of setting up a 5 mw plant in Sivaganga.
Most of the solar scientists believe that solar energy is the best alternative to the conventional energy sources. It can cater to the energy need of every life. It can cater to the smaller needs of small-scale lighting to the larger needs of large scale lighting, street lights, grid-power generation, lighting in bigger shopping areas, malls, business centers etc.
What about green GDP? Most of countries rejected the idea of measuring growth in terms of green GDP may be apprehensive about the statistic which may show negative growth.  India where we consume 70% coal to generate power and 30% households use conventional lamps or lanterns, realizes the degree of urgency for the eco-friendly power sources. It is time to upgrade our lighting system. With the use of LEDS OR solar diodes we can save cost and get benefits of longer lighting hour. An LED can last up to 42 hours in comparison to the solar lantern’s life of about 10 hours.
LED implementation plan is an UN initiative, according to the UN data around 200 million tons of CO2 each year been emitted due to fuel emissions. Looking at the average retail price of about Rs.1000, use of  LED as a replacement to the conventional lamp is a costly affair but as per the demand-supply equation the price of LED may go down to a great degree if Govt intervene and the demand picks up. After all it is to date the best energy efficient source of lighting, 90% more efficient than incandescent lamps and 20% more than the CFLS.
Every step toward implementing the greenhouse gas savings will in turn improve the quality of our life.

By Dipti Prasad Padhi

By : | Category : Social| Date : November 16,2011

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